CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and it can be a life saver. CPR should be used in any case when the victims heart beat/breathing has stopped or become irregular for example in near drowning or heart attacks. When this happens blood flow is slowed or stopped from reaching the brain or organs. Using CPR will increase the flow of oxygenated blood. You must act quickly. Within a few minutes lack of oxygen can cause sever damage and within ten minutes can be fatal. It is very important to know how to administer CPR. If you are not near emergency services or a SHTF situation where to arise, you will have to realy on your own skills.
Some preparedness items that would be helpful in this situation would be CPR, first aid instruction books and a CPR mask would be great to have on hand as well. You can pick these up on amazon. This will come in handy for the first step of CPR. Call 911 immediately, whether that is an option or not start to administer right away.
Check for responsiveness, If there is none then Check pulse or heartbeat for more than 10 seconds. Use a Stethoscope if you have one. If you do not have one on hand you can check for a pulse in two ways. 1) Use two fingers and press on the thumb side of the wrist between the bone and tendon over the Radial Artery.2) place index and middle fingers on neck beside the windpipe. With both options, if you don’t feel a pulse take a few seconds and feel around to make sure you are not missing it if you still feel nothing continue to the next step.
Begin compressions. Lay victim flat on the back. Be sure the neck and head are on a flat stable surface to avoid the risk of spinal injuries. Start by placing one hand on top of the other. Use the heal of your bottom hand and place in the middle of the chest between the nipples. In a kneeling position by the shoulders with your elbows straight, press down about two inches. repeat compressions with a ratio of 30:2 (30 compressions for every 2 breaths) Allow full expansion of the victim’s chest between each one. Use a rate of 100 of these per second. Sing Staying Alive by the BeeGees in your head or out loud. Compress to the rhythm. It is medically proven the tempo is perfect for speed and compression count needed for CPR.
Administer breathing. After the first 30 compressions, be sure to open airway by tilting the head back and lift the chin. Pinch nose and use mouth to mouth. Blow until you see their chest fully rise. Each breath should be around 1 second. Repeat, Use the 30:2 ratio. Continue until the victim becomes responsive or has a steady pulse. Some researchers say that CPR should last around thirty minutes, Or until help arrives.
Do not be discouraged if you have never been trained or had to use CPR before. Consider seeking training beforehand so you don’t have to learn under pressure. However, trying is better than doing nothing. Act quickly and follow the steps above. Have your first aid supplies ready and memorize the list. This is something everyone should know especially if you live in a rural area. Prepare yourself not only with supplies but knowledge, it can be one of your best weapons. How to CPR, Learn it, Use it, Breath it. It can save lives.